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Use proper punctuation to integrate a quotation into a sentence. If the introductory material is an independent clause, add the quotation after a colon. If the introductory material ends in "thinks," "saying," or some other verb indicating expression, use a comma.

Examples

  • Incorrect: Tumbling down the hill, Jack yelled: "Gosh, I'm sick of this."

  • Correct: Tumbling down the hill, Jack yelled, "Gosh, I'm sick of this."

  • Incorrect: Her letter spoke to him in harsh tones, "You never fail to repulse me."

  • Correct: Her letter spoke to him in harsh tones: "You never fail to repulse me."

  • Incorrect: He views the problem as a slight delay or a sickness that will eventually disappear, "I will go back to sleep for a few minutes and forget all this nonsense."

  • Correct: He views the problem as a slight delay or a sickness that will eventually disappear: "I will go back to sleep for a few minutes and forget all this nonsense."

    References

    More information about this rule is available from the following sources.

    Printed Resources: (see Books on Writing section)
  • Hacker: P6-f
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